The Early Neolithic collection contains remains of the Starčevo culture dated to the period from the end of 7th to the middle of 6th millennium BC.
The first objects from this collection were brought to the National museum already at the beginning of the 20th century. The nucleus of the collection represents artefacts found during the archaeological excavations at the Starčevo near Pačevo, Pavlovac (Čukar and Gumnište) near Vranje, Nosa-Biserna obala near Subotica, Tečić in Šumadija, Ajmana, Mala Vrbica and Aria Babi in Đerdap sites.
The beginning of the Early Neolithic period was marked (brought) by many innovations. People started to live sedentary, and that changed the way of providing food from hunting and gathering, to agriculture and animal husbandry. New economic opportunities and the sedentary way of living caused appearance of new technologies (e.g. pottery), materials (e.g. clay) and new types of objects. Clay is very easy to model, and it was widely used in Neolithic era and during the following centuries.
The collection mainly consists of ceramic objects, mostly vessels, but there are weights, loom weights, polishers, and polished stone tools in various shapes, suitable for wood or leather working, and also for grinding cereals. Moreover, in the collection are tools and weapons made of chipped stone, bone and horn, and jewellery. Some of the most important objects are those made for ritual activities such as altars, figurines, a model of a furnace (kiln), and beautiful painted vessels made with extraordinary skills.
Curator: Andrej Starović, Senior CuratorRead more